Pre-Order: Douglas, J. Moo, A Theology of Paul and His Letters: The Gift of the New Realm in Christ (Biblical Theology of the New Testament), $34.99
There are a few great deals on this list, including Ralph Martin’s revised Second Corinthians WBC commentary. The Word Biblical series is an academic commentary which focuses on the Greek text. There are two volumes of the the Story of God commentary series, a recent series which is more pastoral and devotional (although I have enjoyed every one of the volumes I have used). Maybe the best value is Darrell Bock’s A Theology of Luke and Acts. After completing his two-volume commentary on Luke and another volume on Acts for the Baker Exegetical series, Bock contributed this introduction to the theology of Luke-Acts. It is well worth $8.99 to add this excellent book to your Logos library.
Brent Niedergall (@BrentNiedergall) hosted the Biblical Studies Carnival 186 for August 2021. Brent has a great collection links to blog posts in August (a very slow month for academic blogging), and has included a “Tweet of the Month” for several categories. The Carnival includes a few Book Reviews and Podcasts as well. Podcasts are not really my world, but it seems to me there are some good one out there and they should be included in future carnivals if the host wants to include them. It might be fun to do an “all postcast” Carnival.
As Brent says, What’s a carnival without a game? So Brent added a book giveaway: subscribe to his blog between now and September 30th and you be entered into a drawing for one special edition full-color copy The Tale of Peter Rabbit in Koine Greek (Gorgias Press, 2021). Brent is the co-author of this book, so you know it is good. What is the point of reading Peter Rabbit in Kine Greek? According to the Gorgias website, the story only uses vocabulary found in the Greek New Testament and Septuagint (including the Apocrypha), so by reading this familiar story, you are developing vocabulary for reading the Septuagint. The book is illustrated with Potter’s original drawings (that’s Beatrix, not Harry).
Ben the Amateur Exegete is hosting September’s Biblical Studies carnival, so follow him on Twitter (@amateurexegete) and suggest a few posts you think are carnival worthy.
If you would like to host an upcoming Carnival, contact me via email, firstname.lastname@example.org or DM on twitter (plong42) to discuss hosting a carnival in final months of 2021. If you are a new BiblioBlogger, this is a good way to get your blog some recognition. Feel free to contact me if you have any questions about hosting.
Logos is giving away a mobile course for their Logos Free Book of the Month promotion in August 2021. Through the end of the month, 2 Timothy in the Bible Survey Video Series taught by Kenneth L. Waters Sr. (Azusa Pacific University) and David A. deSilva (Ashland Theological Seminary). With this free Logos resource, you get an hour of video instruction broken into nine units and an objective exam consisting of multiple-choice and true or false questions.
An Introduction to Writing Well (1.5 hour course), $9.99
Problems in Bible Interpretation: Difficult Passages II (3 hour course), $19.99
Choose a Fourth Course for $34.99 (several choices, but check out Introducing New Testament Discourse Grammar (a six-hour course!) by Steven E. Runge)
Choose a Fifth Course for $59.99 (several choices, including The Gospel of Luke (a 13-hour course!) by Andrew W. Pitts and The Apocrypha: Witness between the Testaments (an 8-hour course) by David deSilva).
If you have never used a Logos Mobile Course, this is a great chance to try one out for free. Logos is running a giveaway during the month as well. Register to win a collection of nine mobile courses.
If you are looking for Church History,Logos has great deals on volumes of the Catholic University of America Church Fathers series (and one in their Medieval Continuation series). These volumes include an introduction and new translation of the text. As with other Logos resources, these books are fully searchable and include links to important terms in dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other resources in your digital library. You can use the extensive note-taking tools in Logos to highlight and insert notes into the text.
Origen: Homilies on Luke – Free!
Peter Abelard: Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, $1.99
Oecumenius: Commentary on the Apocalypse, $3.99
John Chrysostom: Commentary on Saint John the Apostle and Evangelist: Homilies 1–47, $5.99
Origen: Commentary On The Gospel According To John, Books 1-10 (The Fathers Of The Church), $7.99
Jerome: Commentary on Galatians, $9.99
John Chrysostom: Commentary on Saint John the Apostle and Evangelist: Homilies 48–8, $11.99
I am particularly excited to read Oecumenius, Commentary on the Apocalypse. It is a new 2006 translation by John Suggit of this intriguing seventh century exegete.
At Viviendo para Su Gloria, Kenson Gonzalez hosted the 185th Biblical Studies Carnival, highlighting the best biblical and theological blog posts in July 2021. Kenson was so excited about hosting the carnival he posted it five days early. I bet he was one of those students who turned in his homework early too. July is a slow month for bibliobloggers. This July was the first time many people got to travel and do something other than think about COVID. This is especially us professor types. Between class prep and meetings (and meetings about meetings), my August is filling up fast.
In Carnival news, Brent Niedergall (@BrentNiedergall) will host Carnival 186 (August 2021). After that, I have no volunteers for the rest of the year [Edit: Ben the Amateur Exegete volunteer for September’s carnival, thanks Ben!) If you want to be a part of the Carnival, contact me via email, email@example.com or DM on twitter (plong42) to discuss hosting a carnival in final months of 2021. If you are a new BiblioBlogger, this is a good way to get your blog some recognition. Feel free to contact me if you have any questions about hosting.
Routledge, Robin L. Hosea. Tyndale Old Testament Commentary. Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic, 2020. xxxiii+181 pp. Pb. $25.00 Link to IVP Academic
This new volume in the Tyndale Old Testament Commentary series replaces the 1989 volume by David Allan Hubbard. Routledge previously published Old Testament Theology: A Thematic Approach (IVP Academic 2012) as well as several articles on the prophets.
The thirty-six-page introduction dates Hosea to 750-725 B.C., making Hosea a later contemporary to Amos. This implies the book was completed before Josiah’s reforms, and therefore is not part of the so-called Deuteronomistic redaction. In fact, Routledge suggests Hosea may have influenced Deuteronomistic movement in the late seventh century.
The immediate context for the book is the resurgence of the Assyrian Empire under Tiglath-Pilesar III, but also the syncretic worship in the northern kingdom Israel. Routledge includes a few pages outlining what can be known about Baal worship from Ugarit and other sources. Although this worship may have involved cult prostitution, it did not necessarily include the idea of hieros gamos, “sacred marriage.” The problem is Hosea is Israel’s syncretic worship which confused Yahweh and Baal.
The introduction sets Hosea in the larger context of the Old Testament. Although Routledge does not find arguments for a unifying redaction of the Book of the Twelve convincing, that Hosea is the first book of the collection may be significant. The book is clear: Israel’s unfaithfulness will result in punishment, but unfaithfulness will not ultimately affect Yahweh’s love for Israel. The book hopes for a final restoration in the future. This exile/restoration theme resonates throughout the Book of the Twelve. He also traces connections between Hosea, Deuteronomy, and Jeremiah (suggesting Jeremiah may have made use of Hosea). He briefly discusses several theories of composition, but it ultimately favors the unity of the book. Routledge finds it “unnecessary to accept the view that the book was compiled even later, for a posting exilic Judah during the Persian” (p. 19; contra Ben Zvi).
In the preface to the commentary, he observed that the book of Hosea is challenging for the commentator because it includes some of the most difficult Hebrew in the Old Testament. It often differs from the Septuagint, leading to suggestions that Masoretic text is corrupt. On the other hand, Routledge thinks Hosea’s peculiar dialect was unfamiliar to the Septuagint translators, resulting in more unusual translations than other books. The poetry in Hosea is not conventional and it makes a great deal of use of similes, metaphors, and wordplay. In addition, the judgment speeches form a judicial framework which may have been unfamiliar to translators.
With respect to the theology of the book, Routledge highlights Israel’s sin, their impending judgment, and their ultimate hope. The people no longer know the Lord (4:1), so their worship and sacrifices are unacceptable. They are stubborn like an unruly animal (4:16). But the Lord is unwilling to utterly destroy Israel, so the book is filled with a message of hope for a restoration of the broken relationship (11:10-11).
Hosea is the first prophet to make an explicit connection between the covenant and marriage, idolatry and adultery. Routledge argues Gomer is a promiscuous woman (rather than a prostitute) and was faithful at the beginning of the marriage. This better fits the prophetic view that the relationship between the Lord and Israel began well. He also thinks the woman in 3:1 is Gomer, so that chapter three is a restoration of the marriage to its original state. He also briefly deals with criticism of Hosea’s marriage metaphor which describe it as “patriarchal gender stereotyping,” misogynistic, as advocating sexual violence and humiliation toward women, and even as pornographic. He admits it is patriarchal (as the whole ancient Near East was patriarchal), but it goes too far to call the marriage metaphor misogynistic since it was intended to describe Yahweh’s relationship with Israel. The marriage metaphor emphasizes God’s sovereignty and the consequences for sin, but also divine love and vulnerability. Routledge covered this material in his article, “Hosea’s Marriage Reconsidered” (Tyndale Bulletin 69 (2018): 25–42).
A third theological issue in Hosea is the idea of hesed, which is mentioned in Hosea more than any other prophetic book. In the rest of the Old Testament, hesed is a divine attribute, but in Hosea it most often relates to human conduct (p. 32). Israel has been unfaithful to the covenant and mistreated those need hesed. In this section Routledge distills his much more detailed article, “Ḥesed as Obligation: A Re-Examination” (Tyndale Bulletin 46 (1995): 179–96).
The body of the commentary covers the fourteen chapters of Hosea in 144 pages. The book is divided into major sections (1-3; 4-11; 12-14) and shorter pericopes. Commentary units begin with a short setting the context, then a running commentary covering a few verses per paragraph. The commentary is based on the English text and often compares major translations, but Routledge comments on Hebrew (appearing in transliteration). Commentaries and other secondary literature are cited intext, footnotes are used for additional discussion or cross references. The commentary is concise and clear. The final section of each section is entitled “meaning” and provides a summary and theological comment on the section. These comments occasionally touch on biblical theology and Christian significance, but Routledge is more focused on the theology of Hosea.
Conclusion. Like other newer volumes of the Tyndale Old Testament Commentary, Routledge’s commentary on Hosea is clear and concise, shedding light on the text of Scripture for the pastor, teacher or student preparing to present Hosea to their congregations. It is not overly distracted with critical issues or syntactical minutia, yet Routledge demonstrates mastery both critical issues and the Hebrew text in order to focus on what Hosea says.
Other reviewed commentaries in third Tyndale series: