2 Timothy 4:3 – Enduring Sound Doctrine

Paul knows that in the very near future there the churches he has founded will not want to “endure sound teaching.” But the word“endure” sounds as if we have sit through long and unpleasant sermons!

The verb Paul uses (ἀνέχω) can have the sense of enduring something that is onerous or difficulty, such as persecution (2 Thess 1:4; 1 Cor 4:12), and in one instance it is used for accepting a legal complaint (Acts 18:14), something like “pleading guilty.”

EndureIn the context of Timothy’s commission to preach the word and exhort everyone to godly living, perhaps the sense of “accept a legal complaint” is what Paul has in mind. Rather telling all Christians that they must endure long and boring sermons, Paul means that the opponents will refuse to accept healthy teaching because it is an indictment against them. They cannot stand to hear it because it points to their own shortcomings spiritually.

Paul once again describes good doctrine as “healthy” (1 Tim 1:10; Titus 1:9, 2:1; using the participle of the verb ὑγιαίνω as an adjective). People are craving teaching that is like “junk food,” it might make you feel good in the short term, but in the long run it will make you unhealthy and perhaps even kill you!

The time is coming, Paul warns, when people will want to hear things that their “itching ears” want to hear. These people will ignore the truth, wandering off into myths. This verb (κνήθω) only appears here in the New Testament and the Greek Old Testament. “The participial phrase probably means “in order to have their ears tickled” (EDNT 301; the word appears in Plato for literal scratching of an itch (Philebus 46c, 51d).

Even in English we use the word “itch” for some desire that we need to satisfy. Applied to the preaching of the Word of God, it implies that these people will want to hear the Scripture taught, but they will want to hear things that make them feel good, things that “satisfy their itch.” In the context, this is esoteric teaching, teaching that is more interested in dark secrets of “conspiracy theories” rather than the plain (and convicting) Word of God.

This is a very convicting text, and one that is very applicable to modern church experience. There are many people (myself included) that like a particular sermon (or preacher) because the “get something out of it.” It says something that they want to hear, or maybe something that they already believe. I love it when a preacher says something I already agree with because it confirms my thinking.


As a college teacher, I am always amazed how often students do not want to confront new ideas. They want to know that the things their Jr.High youth leader taught them were true. On the other hand, as a college teacher it is very easy for me to present strange and esoteric things in class. Saying “mimetic” and “intertextual” makes you sound smarter, right?

In every church, there is a set of vocabulary or a few key doctrines that pastors are required to trot out from time to time to keep people in the church happy and to give the appearance that they are still teaching “healthy doctrine.” This might be a good doctrine, a solid teaching; but it also might be a particular social position, or political idea.

But my guess is that Paul often taught the Scripture in a way that made people squirm. It made them uncomfortable to be told that God is their father and he expects them to be honorable children in the household of God. It is far easier if God would just give me a list of items I can achieve or rules I can keep. I am certain that Jesus’ teaching made people very uncomfortable; he confronted people directly over their hypocrisy.

Why is it that we (Christians) do not want to be made uncomfortable when the Word is preached?

2 thoughts on “2 Timothy 4:3 – Enduring Sound Doctrine

  1. Good word, given the fact that this is where the church is today, we don’t want to hear that which causes us to change and to be conformed to who the father desire us to be. God’s demand is right and just, and his omniscience is far beyond what we could ever know . I love the Lord and that is it, life is what we have because of him. Eternal life starts with salvation in Christ, I’m not perfect but I want and need more of him.

  2. While the use of “enduring” in 2 Timothy 4:3 may cause one to envision an unbearable faith in which they must suffer unpleasant exhortation (and possibly for good reason if one perpetuates sin), this is hardly the breadth of 2 Timothy 4 as a whole. The verses preceding and following inscribe a final charge to Timothy that strikes a “particularly solemn note. In the presence of the divine, both God and Christ Jesus, and in view of Christ’s epiphany and kingdom, Timothy is charged to ‘preach the word” (Longenecker & Still, 2014, p. 287). Verse two is especially key to consider in this case, as Timothy “must be prepared and persistent at all times and conduct his preaching ministry with all due patience and care” (Longenecker & Still, 2014, p. 287). From the surrounding context, one can surmise that an admonition to Timothy denotes the heart of the letter with Paul calling him to remain steadfast in dealing with people who search for myths and esoteric knowledge. Long (2017) notes, “In the context of Timothy’s commission to preach the word and exhort everyone to godly living, perhaps the sense of “accept a legal complaint” is what Paul has in mind.” Opponents have no appetite for sound doctrine and despise hearing anything that directly describes their distant state from God physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. Whether this included dark secrets, conspiratorial knowledge, or a language relating to a large-scope spirituality (much like Rome’s pantheon of gods), people repeatedly clung to a doctrine that “scratches an itch” rather than the healthy doctrine of the Bible.

    There are assuredly several parallels to be drawn here for the modern believer. In many ways, by hauling out certain key phrases from time to time, the church seeks to convince outsiders that their church is spiritually alive. Whether or not this is the case does not matter so long as the appearance remains steadfast. Thus, what Paul proposes here is once again countercultural by nature. Nowadays, I see many churches presenting a gospel that fails to challenge congregants. Through several means, I see presented a vapid gospel devoid of life. Hebrews 4:12 (ESV) contradicts this notion of a filed-down message, “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.” In response, I have witnessed many young men and women flung to the outskirts, and in response, they frequently grab the collar of conspiracy theories to make measurable sense of veritable truth in the world. In a Men’s Bible Study I led this past semester, I often brought the heart of the text to the people and presented a core that, for lack of better phrasing, made people squirm in their seats. While a hilarious image in its own right, it made me curious; if these men are “comfortable” with coming to a Bible study, is the body of Christ truly doing its job? Should the Gospel instead make the hairs on one’s neck stand up? Does the method by which the Gospel is profited to the people cause them to shiver? As Christians, expectant is the recognition of God’s Word: “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, with thankfulness in your hearts to God” (Col 3:16).

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