Biblical Studies Carnival 202 for December 2022

Jim West did The End of the Year Biblioblogger Extravaganza: Collecting the Best Posts of 2022 (AKA carnival #202). Think of this as a “carnival of carnivals.” Jim picks three or four top posts for each month. As most people know, Jim loves end of the year top ten lists. He also includes notices of several scholars who passed away in 2022. Jim linked to Biblical Studies Carnival #57, for November 2010 as “the best carnival ever” (although he did think it was “22 years ago”).   After posting his carnival, Jim spent the rest of the day blasting Zwingli facts out to the Zwingli-ignorant masses in honor of Zwingli’s birthday on January 1.

Biblical Studies Carnival

Here is what is happening with future carnivals? First time host Heather Thiessen will host Carnival #203 for January 2022 (Due February 1) at Matters of Interpretation. Ben the  Amateur Exegete (@amateurexegete) hosts in February 2023 (Due March 1). So now is the time for you to volunteer to host a carnival in 2023. If you have questions, contact me at and I’ll answer as bets I can. Veterans or rookies, we need people to host. Volunteer early and get your preferred month.

What’s happening with Reading Acts? This year is my fourteenth year writing at ReadingActs. The first post was on September 1, 2008, “Why Acts?” Some time in the early spring I will pass five million hits…not bad after averaging 19 a month in my first full year. In 2022, I had just under 900,000 hits, averaging just under 2500 per day. I made 135 posts in 2022, a total of 125.8K words! According to WordPress, 15% of views come on Sunday morning at 11AM, so I know what you are all doing during the sermon.

I plan on returning to Matthew in a week or two in order to finish that series, probably finishing up some time around Easter. I have a plan to do a series of posts on non-canonical Gospels in the early spring (in response to requests from several readers).


Biblical Studies Carnival 201 for November 2022

Welcome to the Biblical Studies Carnival for November 2022. November was a slower month for BiblioBlogs, podcasts and the like. Perhaps many of the professor types were busy grading papers (a highly unlikely possibility) or getting ready for SBL in Denver (or more likely, attended craft beer receptions at SBL). Then Thanksgiving happens and everyone goes comatose for a week.

Professor MemeSpeaking of SBL, I enjoyed my week in Denver. I was in for the long haul, first attending the ETS meetings, the IBR on Friday and SBL through Monday. I attended dozens of papers, many enjoyable and a few, well, less so. The rule seems to be, if there are five papers in a session, one going to bring you down. I bought a few books (ok, a lot of books), met with some old friends, and ate out way too much (turns out I really like Vampire Tacos). I always enjoy seeing Tutku Tours people.

What is the current state of the Biblical Studies Carnival in 2023? Jim West will finish out the year with his annual Top Ten round up (he loves top ten lists). But after January 1, I have no volunteers for 2023. Maybe it is time for you to contact me at and host a carnival. Veterans or rookies, we need people to host. Do it early and get your preferred month.

What Biblical Studies Carnival would be complete without memes?


Old Testament and Archaeology

Ken Schenck surveys Interpretations of Genesis 1.

Peter Goeman says Goliath was a Nephilim of the Anakim.

Grant Van Leuven reflects on Psalm 128: The Lord Blesses Those Who Fear Him.

At, Jack Sasson asks What Really Happened in the Garden of Eden?

Hezekiah’s Name Found! Maybe. Luke Chandler posted a few comments on a Possible Monumental Inscription with Hezekiah’s Name; Christopher Rollston posted some “brief methodological musings” about reading of the fragment. Here is the a news story on the fragment from October 26.

Luke also posted a report on the Discovery of First Known Sentence in Canaanite Language at Lachish.

If you read one story about Canaanite words on a lice comb, let it be this one.

Rare coin from Hanukkah story villain era found in theft suspect’s home. News story, but a fun read.

Bob MacDonald (who did the Biblical Studies Carnival #199) interacts with Daniel Crowther on two systems of te’amim (cantillation marks).

The Hebrew Language Detective discusses the difference between chesed and chasid, and throws hasida (stork) into the mix as well.

William Ross discusses a New Article Surveying Septuagint Research.

Drew Longacre lists Four Ways Scholars Date Early Hebrew Bible Manuscripts.

James McGrath posted a summary of his Mandaean Illustrated Scroll Talk and Exhibit at the Visiting Scholars Center at Oxford University’s Weston Library. Some great photos of Mandean manuscripts via Digital Bodleian.  See also his post from June on the Mandeans and John the Baptist.

Me and James McGrath in the SBL Book Room

New Testament

Ian Paul gets an early start on ruining Christmas with your seasonal reminder: Jesus was not born in a stable! Never fear, he also asks “Can all ages have confidence in the Christmas Story?” Spoiler: Mrs. Reasonable wins the day.

Marg Mowczko on “Covering” or “Testicle” in 1 Corinthians 11:15? In the context of hair-length for women and head coverings in 1 Corinthians 11, Marg discusses two articles by Troy W. Martin, “Paul’s Argument from Nature for the Veil in 1 Corinthians 11:13–15: A Testicle Instead of a Head Covering,” JBL 123.1 (2004); 75-84 (PDF) and  Martin, “Περιβόλαιον as ‘Testicle’ in 1 Corinthians 11:15: A Response to Mark Goodacre,” JBL 132.2 (2013): 453–465. (PDF). Part two of this excellent article is still “coming soon.”

Should you want to be ‘left behind’ in Matthew 24? Ian Paul answers: yes, yes you do. And he is right. Also, Ian Paul wins November’s most prolific blogger award (if we had one). His post, What does ‘faith’ and ‘faithfulness’ mean in the gospel of Luke? is excellent.

Philip Jenkins wonders if Jesus was a Carpenter. This is a great post demonstrating a method for doing word studies with resources found on the web.

Nadya Williams asks, Did Lydia Play a Role in Planting the Bithynian Church? The article is based on Williams’s forthcoming work, Cultural Christians in the Early Church.

B. Brandon Scott,Basileia: Kingdom of God or Empire of God?” Where, What, When? Can one saying answer all three questions about the kingdom (or empire) of God? Scott also had an article on Why the Gospel of Luke Framed Mary Magdalene at the end of October I am including here.

Dumbledore memeAt Scribes of the Kingdom, Καταπέτασμα discusses Preterism under judgement in “The temple at time’s end: An insufficient apocalypse.”

David Turner compares biblical anchors to the Edmund Fitzgerald…dang. Now that song going to run through my head for the next week.

Matters of Interpretation studies and then reflects on Luke 1:8-20.

B. J. Oropeza on Junia: A Woman Apostle (Romans 16:7).

What does submission “in everything” mean? Marg Mowczko says “Too many Christians, however, have applied “in everything” in Ephesians 5:24 in an oppressive and domineering manner that does not fit with Paul’s tone throughout Ephesians 5 and does not foster genuine unity in marriage.”

James Tabor suggests Paul Does Not Believe in the Preexistence of Jesus with a link to a poscast on Philippians 2:5-10.

Brent Nongbri posted on the First Fragments at the Chester Beatty, an exhibit at the Chester Beatty library in Dublin.


Claude Mariottini, Why Am I a Christian? (part 1 and part 2)

David Swartz on Ron Sider and the Fate of the Evangelical Left. Required reading for those who forgot there is an Evangelical Left. Read this interview with Isaac Sharp on The Other Evangelicals. Or read this from Roger Olson, “Would Jesus Be an “American Nationalist?

Speaking of Roger Olson, he also reported on a Forgotten Chapter and Theory in Creation Theology, ideal time theory promoted by scientist and amateur theologian Philip Henry Gosse (1810-1888) in his book Omphalos.

Jacob Randolph, Gender, the Great Tradition, and Evangelical Memory.

Beth Allison Barr updates her reflections on Complementarian Theology and Sexual Abuse.

Ted Peters asks, “Did I lose my Self to Determinism?” The answer makes use of neuroscientists and neurophilosophers.

Elli Elliott asks, “Is the King James Version the One True Word of God?” (Spoiler: no)

Book Reviews (and previews)

Five Views on the Testament Canon (Kregel 2022; reviewed by Brent Niedergall)

John Barton, The Word: On the Translation of the Bible (previewed by Jim West)

John Dyer, People of the Screen: How Evangelicals Created the Digital Bible and How It Shapes Their Reading of Scripture (OUP, previewed by Peter Gurry)

Jeffrey W. Barbeau and Emily Hunter McGowin, eds. God and Wonder: A New Book on Theology, Imagination, and the Arts (Cascade, previewed by Nijay K. Gupta)

Todd M. Hickey, James G. Keenan, Edgar J. Goodspeed: America’s first papyrologist. Berkeley: California Classical Studies, 2021 (reviewed by Mills McArthur)

Susan Ackerman, Gods, Goddesses, and the Women Who Serve Them (Eerdmans, reviewed by Phillip Long)

Carol A. Newsom. The Spirit within Me: Self and Agency in Ancient Israel and Second Temple Judaism. Yale University Press, 2021 (reviewed by Rebecca Harris)

Sara Parks, Shayna Sheinfeld, and Meredith J.C. Warren. Jewish and Christian Women in the Ancient Mediterranean. New York: Routledge, 2022 (reviewed by Alexiana Fry)

Sue Edwards and Kelley Mathews, 40 Questions Women in Ministry (Kregel, reviewed by Phillip Lon

David M. Moffitt, Rethinking the Atonement: New Perspectives on Jesus’s Death, Resurrection, and Ascension, (Baker Academic; previewed by Brian Small)

We need more books

That is it for Biblical Studies Carnival #201. Now it is on to the end of the semester, grading papers and finishing manuscripts I promised several months ago.



Biblical Studies Carnival 200 for October 2022

This month the Biblical Studies Carnival hits a milestone, Jim West hosts the 200th Carnival. These Biblical Studies carnivals had changed and mutated so many times the resemble some apocalyptic beast, the the goal remains the same. Jim describes his Carnival as “divided into sections so that you can quickly locate your field of interest and then move on to the other parts. Links are ‘curated’ (people love that word these days don’t they. Even sandwiches are curated now…) with appropriate (and sometimes inappropriate) commentary by your host.” As always Jim invites constructive criticism and comments and he promises to treat each with the tender compassion he is well-known for.

Biblical Studies Carnival

I hate to be too negative about this, but it has become increasingly difficult to get hosts for the carnivals. Jim West can I can keep doing them forever, but I am not sure if there is a great deal of interest from others to volunteer. (Some of you have faithfully volunteered many times and I really do appreciate it). Bloggers come and go, and sadly most of them have gone. At least the traditional blogger. Over the years blogs have given way to twitter-threads, podcasts or YouTube videos, even (God help us all) TikTok. Notice the trend is away from reading content and toward hearing (or seeing) the content. I do not listen to many podcasts mostly because I cannot listen and work at the same time, and I really don’t exercise so I am not going to listen while I “work out” (whatever that means).

So it is time for people who do listen to academic podcasts to step up and include them as part of a Biblical Studies Carnival. Let us all know who we should be listening to, maybe even (God help us), what TikTok biblical studies are worth our time.  If you have thought about hosting, now is the time! “And who knows but that you have come to your social media position for such a time as this?” (Esther 4:14, The Message, probably)

Contact me via email, or DM on twitter (plong42) to discuss hosting a summer Biblical Studies carnival. If you are a new BiblioBlogger, this is a good way to get your blog some recognition. And, to quote Jim West, ” if you do one, it makes it unlikely that I will!”

Feel free to contact me if you have any questions about hosting a Carnival this summer (or fall). Check out the Biblical Studies Carnival Master List at the top of this page to visit past carnivals.






Biblical Studies Carnival 198 for August 2022

Ben the Amateur Exegete posted the Biblical Studies Carnival for August 2022. He sticks to two broad categories, Hebrew Bible/ANE/LXX and New Testament/Early Christianity to make a really nice list of links to top academic posts this month. One of the things I like about the Carnivals is the host curates the posts to their own interests, this month just happens to coincide with my personal interests so I think it is great. Ben introduces his Carnival this way: “The end of summer means that students are heading back to classes and so teachers/professors are in teaching mode.” This is true, August is a flurry of activity for me, getting syllabi prepped and remembering I have to get up in the morning now for classes.

Christopher Walken Meme


Brian Small added a brief Hebrews Highlights for August 2022. Check out Brian’s blog, he has focused on Hebrews for years and some great resources for studying Hebrews.

I still need a volunteer for September 2022 (Due October 1), November 2022 (Due December 1), and December 2022 (Due January 1).  Jim West has October. Or, if you are into long term planning, any month in 2023.

If you have thought about hosting, now is the time to step up and contact me via email, or DM on twitter (plong42) to discuss hosting a summer Biblical Studies carnival. If you are a new BiblioBlogger, this is a good way to get your blog some recognition. And, to quote Jim West, “They are fun to do!”

Feel free to contact me if you have any questions about hosting a Carnival this summer (or fall). Check out the Biblical Studies Carnival Master List at the top of this page to visit past carnivals.






Biblical Studies Carnival 197 for July 2022

Welcome to the 197th Biblical Studies Carnival for July 2022. July is the slowest time of the year for BiblioBloggers. Academics are well know for taking the whole summer off and doing nothing. Heck, that is why I got into academics in the first place. Even though most BiblioBloggers were sunning themselves on a beach at some swanky resort, a few managed to post some high quality material during in July. Hopefully I did not miss many, feel free to add your post in the comments.

Next month Ben the Amateur Exegete will host the Biblical Studies Carnival, so follow Ben on Twitter, @amateurexegete. I still need a volunteer for September 2022 (Due October 1), November 2022 (Due December 1), and December 2022 (Due January 1).  Or, if you are into long term planning, any month in 2023.  If you have thought about hosting, now is the time to step up and contact me via email, or DM on twitter (plong42) to discuss hosting a summer Biblical Studies carnival. If you are a new BiblioBlogger, this is a good way to get your blog some recognition. And, to quote Jim West, “They are fun to do!”

Feel free to contact me if you have any questions about hosting a Carnival this summer (or fall). Check out the Biblical Studies Carnival Master List at the top of this page to visit past carnivals.


Hebrew Bible

Erica Lee Martin, “How Lovely Are Your Tents, O Jacob” – Balaam’s Fertility Blessing at

Claude Mariottini on Egypt, The Land of the Pharaohs. Claude also posted a collection of links to previous posts on God answering prayer in the Old Testament.

Pete Enns Ruins Numbers (podcast). Tl;dr There’s lot of wandering in Numbers. I think they should have called it “wandering” instead of Numbers. — @peteenns

Bob MacDonald made a few comments on the small twitter war over David and Bathsheba – rape or adultery? James McGrath has a summary of the tweets and points out a few blog posts on either side of the argument. Paul Carter at TGC calls it rape, Andrew Perriman says “we may have to conclude that the question of whether Bathsheba was “raped” or was complicit or even ambitious cannot be answered definitively,” they commented no one is blaming Bathsheba and added another post on Amnon and Tamar. I think Perriman is right, “Bathsheba is the ewe lamb in Nathan’s parable and therefore an innocent victim of violence,” but I do think calling it a rape in modern teaching situations is appropriate. Claude Mariottini also commented on this issue, “I believe the facts in the text seem to indicate that it was David’s fault that this sordid affair took place. Readers should sympathize with Bathsheba, not with David.”

Weekend Fisher at Heart, Mind, Soul, and Strength posted twice on Psalm 119: The meditative, contemplative act of worship and A Deep Dive into Different Aspects of the Word of God, which the Psalmist praises.

Judith Newman on Jonah and Prayer.

Cynthia Shafer-Elliott, The Geographical Context of Ancient Israel, Part 1: Ancient Israel’s Place in the Ancient Near East.

We all have wondered, What has William Ross been up to in 2022?

Targuman made it to Z… “Z is for “Zeal.”

The Bible Mapper provides maps for biblical events.

Controversy Rages Over ‘Jerusalem Curse’ Inscription. James Tabor has a few things to say about the “Jerusalem Curse” (with a collection of links).

Dots between words in Northwest Semitic inscriptions.

On OTTC (a blog for Old Testament Textual Criticism), Drew Longacre posted a link to HebrewPal, the Hebrew Paleography Database. Follow the link and browse the database.

Jonathan Orr-Stav asks, “Can the Hebrew word למו ever be translated in the singular?” In the comments, Bob MacDonald answers. Orr-Stav’s blog, Notes by Autumn Light, focuses on Hebrew translation.

Balashon-Hebrew Language Detective investigates Hebrew – Biblical, Talmudic, Medieval and Modern – including slang; related languages like Aramaic, Arabic, Akkadian and Yiddish; and how foreign languages like Greek, Latin and English have entered Hebrew – and how Hebrew has affected those languages as well. For example, in July they posted on the etymology of olar, “pen knife.” I did enjoy the piece on falafel, Fascinating stuff.

At Early Christian Texts, Brandon Scott on The Difficulties and the Art of Bible Translation.


New Testament

Last Supper Book Deal

Bill Heroman discusses Receptive Chronologizing in Mark 1-3.

Philip Jenkins discusses The Stichometery of Nicephorus in Gospels That Were Lost, And Some That Were Not Lost At All.  Jenkins also celebrated the Feast of Mary Magdalene (July 22) with a post on Creating the Myth of Mary Magdalene.

James McGrath has been walking In the Footsteps of John the Baptist.

He also gathered some great links on Samaritans. John MacDonald linked to an interview with James McGrath on John the Baptist on the Mythvision podcast (link goes to YouTube, the whole video is about two hours).

Καταπέτασμα discusses When demoniacs win: The triumph of Christ’s apocalyptic spirit

Ian Paul, Wealth becomes a rival god in Luke 12.

David Turner commented on John 2, The Blessed Virgin, a Wedding Party with Problems, and a Lesson on Prayer, with a video of David teaching the passage.

Heather Anne Thiessen at Matters of Interpretation studies John 14:15-29.

B. J. Oropeza interviewed Matthew Novenson, author of Paul, Then and Now (Eerdmans, 2022). Part Two of the interview is here.

Richard Beck, Economies of Death: Thoughts on Ananias and Sapphira.

Perry Kea at Bible Search & Rescue, “Translating Words – Does It Really Mean “Homosexual”?

Stephen Unthank at A Place for Truth, Romans 8: Christ is Our Life.

Marg Mowczko, posted a “a work in progress” on Kephalē (“head”) as Metaphor in First-Century Texts. Examples from Philo, Josephus Plutarch, etc. Earlier in the month, she posted on Colossians 3:18 (wives) and Colossians 3:19 (husbands).

Ken Schenck has been working on Hebrews, including a lengthy Introduction to Hebrews and several posts of  Explanatory Notes — Hebrews 11:23-40,

James Tabor wonders if we can recover the original Jewish version of the Book of Revelation.



Studying Theology

W. Travis McMaken says John Calvin as Old Testament Interpreter: A Bundle of Contradictions. Technically, this is an excerpt from T. H. L Parker, Calvin’s Old Testament Commentaries (Westminster/John Knox, 1993), 6–7.

Jeffrey Stivason on the Incomprehensibility of God.

Peter Goeman asks, “Are All Cultures Equal? A Biblical Paradigm” at The Musings of a Bible Sojourner

Vincent Pontius at Classical Theology posted on The Flight of Gregory Nazianzen and the Challenge of New Beginnings as a reflection on his own move to pastor at The Plains UMC.

Bradley Bowen at Secular Frontier engages Kreeft and Tacelli’s arguments for the divinity of Jesus (basically the classic trilemma from C. S. Lewis). This is a long series of posts, this link drops into the middle of the conversation.

Richard Beck at Experimental Theology asks, “What Comes First? Virtue or Practice?” Part two is here, using white fragility as an example.

Just in time for the Fourth of July, Thoas Kidd discusses The Jefferson Bible and the Faith of an American Founder.

Ken Schenck on Wesleyan philosophy, specifically proofs for the existence of God.


Book Reviews

Anthony Keddie, Class and Power in Roman Palestine: The Socioeconomic Setting of Judaism and Christian Origins. Cambridge University Press, 2019. (Reviewed by Taylor M. Weaver)

Adam Copenhaver and Jeffrey D. Arthurs, Colossians, Philemon (Kerux Commentary) Kregel 2021. (Reviewed by Phillip Long)

Duane Garrett and Calvin Pearson, Jeremiah and Lamentations (Kerux Commentary) Kregel 2022. (Reviewed by Phillip Long)

Joan Taylor and Helen Bond, Women Remembered: Jesus’ Female Disciples. Hodder & Stoughton, 2022. (Reviewed by Suzanne Fagence Cooper)

Todd R. Hains, Martin Luther and the Rule of Faith: Reading God’s Word for God’s People. IVP Academic, 2022. (Reviewed by Jim West)

Michael J. Gorman, Romans: A Theological and Pastoral Commentary (Eerdmans, 2022) (Reviewed by Phillip Long)

Élcio Mendonça, O primeiro Estado de Israel: redescobertas arqueológicas sobre suas origens. São Paulo: Recriar, 2020. (Reviewed by Airton José da Silva)

Geoffrey Fulkerson and Joel Thomas Chopp, eds., Science and the Doctrine of Creation: The Approaches of Ten Modern Theologians. IVP Academic, 2021. (Reviewed by Josh Reeves)

Jonathan T. Pennington, Jesus the Great Philosopher. Brazos, 2020. (Reviewed by Phillip Long)

James M. Hamilton Jr., Psalms (2 Volumes; Evangelical Biblical Theology Commentary) Lexham, 2022. (Reviewed by Phillip Long)


Nijay Gupta asked, “Why Get a Doctor of Ministry?” and “Should I Do a PhD with the Academic Job Market So Bad?” the tl;dr answer, “If you are thinking about doing a PhD, here is my quick and basic advice: (1) Is this a calling? (2) Is your family/community supportive? (3) Do your mentors/teachers affirm that you have the chops and skills for this? (4) Are you willing to risk the money/time?  If you’ve “counted the cost,” then I will cheer you on.”

No pronouns in the Bible? Just dumb enough to earn Jim West’s highest honor, the Dilly.  Although this one would qualify as well: