A Demonstration of God’s Mercy – 1 Timothy 1:12-20

Paul thanks God because God has enabled him to be faithful to the service to which he was appointed (v. 12). To “strengthen” someone is to give them the power of ability to do a particular task. This is the same verb (ἐνδυναμόω) Paul uses in Phil 4:13, and will use in 2 Tim 4:17. In both cases, Paul describes his weakness and inability to do the task God has given him, yet God gave him the strength to not only fulfill his commission, but to do so successfully.

Paul refers here to his commission to be a servant of God. The Greek noun διακονία can refer to any sort of job, assignment, or obligation. While we tend to think of “service” as those voluntary jobs we do for our church or school, the word can mean much more than that. In English we refer to someone who has been appointed to the role of an ambassador as being in the “foreign service.”

approved-stampPaul’s “appointment to service” is his commission to be the apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:15). He was appointed to this particular role by God himself after he encountered Jesus on the road to Damascus. From the very beginning of his new life, Paul was told that he was a “chosen instrument” to take the gospel to the Gentiles. This commission was repeated in a vision given to Paul while he was worshiping in the Temple (a calling not unlike Isaiah). Paul’s point here is that despite being an unlikely candidate for this particular commission, God chose him and enabled him to fulfill this his calling to be the light tot he Gentiles.

Paul also recalls his former life before his encounter with Jesus on the road to Damascus (v. 13, 16). He says that he was a “blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent.” In English, the word blasphemy has taken on the connotation of speaking against a particular religious view. In the context of the book of Acts, Paul did not “blaspheme” by speaking slanderously about God, rather, he unintentionally blasphemed by speaking slanderously about Jesus, denying he was the messiah and denying that God raised him from the dead.

But in Greek, the words translated as blasphemy (βλάσφημος, βλασφημία, and the verb βλασφημέω) are usually associate with slander, demeaning speech, or even disrespectful talk. This might be mocking a particular view, a sarcastic parody, etc., usually with the intention of shaming people who believe that sort of thing. In a public debate, it is easier to mock the opponent rather than engage their ideas. This might be personal attacks, or using a straw-man argument. It is far easier to create a simplistic characterization of a person’s ideas and attack that rather than seriously examining what they actually say!

This fits well with the third word in this line, Paul was insolent. The noun (ὑβριστής) is rare in the New Testament, only appearing here and Rom 1:30 (a vice list). The word is also rare in the LXX (10 times), but it does appear in Prov 6:17 as one of the seven things the Lord hates (“haughty eyes”). The word appears in secular descriptions of vice in secular Greek as well. Aristotle describes the wealthy as “insolent and arrogant” (Rhet. 1390b, 33); “insolence means to do and say things that bring shame to the victim” (Rhet. 2, 2, via BDAG).

Taken with the slander implied with the Greek idea of blasphemy, perhaps we can think of this sort of speech as the lowest form political discourse, the old-fashioned “mudslinging” and yellow-press tactics which most politicians say they will not use (unlike their communist, atheist, baby killing, rap music loving opponent).

Even though Paul had been opposed to the truth of the Gospel, God chose him in order to demonstrate his mercy (v. 13-14, 16). God is described as merciful and patient. These words describe the character of God in dealing with his people throughout the Hebrew Bible. God is “longsuffering” or patient with his people, waiting a long time before rendering a justly wrathful judgment. Paul says that since he “acted in ignorance” God extended mercy to him. In the Jewish Law there is a distinction between sins committed in ignorance and sins committed intentionally (with a “high hand.”)

Since Paul was the “worst of sinners,” God’s demonstration of patience and mercy to him was a demonstration of how great God’s mercy can be. If God was merciful to Paul, of all people, then how much more will he be merciful to you? This is perhaps an intentional contrast with the false teachers he will mention in verse 20. They are not ignorant, they are willfully departing from the truth of the Gospel, knowing full-well what they are doing. For this reason there is no mercy for them, rather they will be “handed over to Satan.”

Paul describes his experience of God’s grace as an overabundance of grace. This word (ὑπερπλεονάζω) only appears in the New Testament here and is rare outside the New Testament. Paul described himself as the most desperate of sinners, yet God has filled him up with his grace to overflowing!


3 thoughts on “A Demonstration of God’s Mercy – 1 Timothy 1:12-20

  1. It is astounding to me that God did show an “abundance” of mercy to Paul when he intentionally slandered Jesus, claiming Him not to be the Messiah. He persecuted believers of Jesus and when Paul’s life was turned around on the road to Damascus and he surrendered his life to the Lord, God showed him mercy. He did not do this only because Paul surrendered and only because he loves him (which are both true and wonderful things), but he showed Paul mercy in order that Paul would go tell people of the mercy he was shown. God used Paul, who claimed to be the worst of sinners, to promote His own glory. This is not something that is unique to Paul, but to everyone who believes in Christ. John 3:16 is a perfect example of God’s mercy on us, despite our sinful nature. Because He has shown us this mercy, we should go tell the world so that they might receive it too! Mark 16:15 says “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.” This was Paul’s calling from God and was to be his response to the mercy that was shown to him. This is our calling as believers in Christ, to make disciples of all nations.

  2. The Grace of God is something that can barely be explained with words. This is a gift He grants all of us even when we do not deserve it. Other than Paul there are many other people God uses to complete His work. People undeserving in the eyes of man, but in God’s eyes they are more than enough. As Christians that have fully given themselves over to God, it is a shared experience. We all ask ourselves and God the question, “Why me Lord?”. After every offense I have committed in the past and you still have called me to be one of your chosen. This is truly a humbling experience when we finally find our salvation through Him. The fact that God still chooses to love us even after our transgressions against Him and the kingdom shows how merciful of a king He is. God does not need us and yet He puts up with us anyway. There are so many people that I look at and think “Wow God is here and He is ever present in our lives”. He brings people out from a dark place and ushers them into the light. Then, they become beacons of hope to other people in the same position. This is the mercy that Paul is talking about and how God uses Him as an example. Paul, someone who once persecuted Christians turned into someone God could rely on to help guide them. If that is not mercy and grace then I do not know what is. Anytime God gives someone a chance to start over is a gift that should not be taken for granted. I solely believe that when God saves us it is not just for us… In my opinion there are people who God ties to our lives that we are meant to reach when the time comes. He wishes to make an example out of all of us and as His servants and heirs to the kingdom it is our obligation to do so.

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