Karen Swallow Prior recently posted a list of Classic Literary Works to Challenge the Thinking Christian. The top four are all visions of the not-to-distant future dystopias, and are among my favorite books.
- Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury
- 1984 by George Orwell
- Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
- The Road by Cormac McCarthy
- Jude the Obscure by Thomas Hardy
- Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky
- The Death of Ivan Ilyich by Leo Tolstoy
- Beloved by Toni Morrison
- I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou
- The Complete Stories by Flannery O’Connor
- The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri
- A Tale of a Tub by Jonathan Swift
- Areopagitica by John Milton
I thought I would add a few, perhaps obscure books for the “Thinking Christian” to read. These are books challenging the Christian to think more deeply about the nature of faith and the problem of evil. I would include Fahrenheit 451, 1984, Brave New World and maybe Crime and Punishment on my list, I probably would not have included The Road since it is not particularly on religious / spiritual themes (although it is an excellent novel, read it!) I ought to have The Handmaid’s Tale here, but frankly I have not read it. I think Animal Farm, Lord of the Flies, The Forever War, and Atlas Shrugged (or The Fountainhead, your choice) are good books on politics, but do not really address “spiritual” issues.
Like Prior, I have an interest in dystopian novels; for some reason these sorts of “what if” novels tend to range toward spiritual issues. But sometimes these books treat spirituality in ways most (evangelical) Christians would find shocking. As I look over the list, these are not “Christian” books at all, but will push the Christian to think about their faith more deeply.
Here is my list, no particular order. I am sure there are other novels I have omitted, feel free to suggest them in the comment section below.
Silence, Shusako Endo. Written in 1966, this historical novel describes the Jesuit mission in Japan in the seventeen century. Most Christians are wholly unaware of the Jesuit mission to Japan or the persecution of Hidden Christians (Kakure Kirishitan) during the Edo period. During this time, Christians were forced to step on a fumi-e, an image of Jesus or the virgin Mary; those who refuse were tortured and executed. Tracing the steps of a Portuguese missionary, this book explores the problem of the silence of God when his people suffer. Although the topic is disturbing, this is one of the most moving books I have ever read.
Lost in the Cosmos: The Last Self Help Book, Walker Percy. Anything by Walker Percy is worth reading, but this 1983 is different. It is a collection of thought experiments and short humorous vignettes. The book strikes me as Robert Anton Wilson meets Pascal.
The Sparrow, Mary Doria Russell. Like Silence, this book concerns a Jesuit mission to an unreached people, although in this novel Father Emilio Sandoz is sent to an alien world to bring the gospel to an unknown race of beings. Innocent actions have grave consequences, and Sandoz suffers horribly before returning to Earth. The book questions God’s existence and the nature of faith as the priest must come to terms with his own humiliation and subsequent anger with God.
Small Gods, Terry Pratchett. A fantasy novel takes place in Pratchett’s Discworld and like other books in that (very large) series, this book is satire and biting commentary on organized religion. In this world, the size and power of the god is dependent on how many “true worshipers” follow the god. The Great God Om has the largest religion, but has very few real followers (he must manifest himself as a turtle). I absolutely love the fact that the biggest religion had the smallest god, because no one practicing religion was really worshiping the god! To me, that is very preachable.
There are probably others I ought to include on a list of “good literature everyone should read,” but these would be my additions to the thinking Christian’s library. I love Kafka on the Shore by Haruki Murakami (or anything by Murakami for that matter), but his themes are not particularly theological. Most people who know me are wondering why I did not include Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick, but oddly enough that novel has less theology than some of his later ones. Several Arthur C. Clarke books could be included here (the Rama books, Childhood’s End, etc.)
What is a book you read that challenges you to think more deeply about matters of faith?