1 Thessalonians 2:17-20 – Paul’s Heart for His Children

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When Paul started the church at Thessalonica he was opposed by the Jewish community as well as the secular authorities (Acts 17:1-8). The Jews were reacting to Paul’s message that Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies, and the Roman city of Thessalonica reacted against Paul’s rejection of Caesar as Lord.  As a result, he was forced to leave the city before he had fully prepared the church, and certainly before he wanted to leave.

He describes his sudden departure from the church as being “torn” from them. The verb ἀπορφανίζω has the sense of a child that is orphaned, but also a parent who has lost a child. It is to be separated under great emotional distress. Paul did not want to leave, he was forced to leave under threat from the local officials. Notice the verb is aorist passive:  Paul did not cause his own departure, he was the victim of circumstances beyond his control.

It has only been a short time since he has been gone, but he things of the church often. The introduction to the book indicates that Paul prayed for the church each day, here he says that he thinks of the church often.  Even though Paul’s desire was to return it is possible his enemies were slandering him by saying he never intended to revisit the church. Paul had taken all he could from the church and left them on their own to face a persecution Paul caused!

Paul says that he had a strong desire to return. The word for this desire is one of the strongest words for desire available to Paul, it means to “crave” something, usually in an especially inordinate way. In other places the word ἐπιθυμία is translated “lust.” This strong desire makes him make an effort to return. The verb σπουδάζω is not a light or a token effort, but rather doing “something with intense effort and motivation. Elsewhere the word is translated as “be eager to….” (Gal 2:10, Eph 4:3).

He made every effort to return, but Satan stopped him. The word“hinder” (ἐγκόπτω) has the sense of“tearing up the road.” If an army wanted to hinder another army from pursuing them they would tear up the road, burn the bridges, etc. Paul sees Satan’s operation as making any progress Paul might make very difficult.  We are not told in Acts what Satan did to hinder him, it is possible that this was the threat of further persecution at the hands of the Jews and civil authorities in Thessalonica. On the other hand, Paul does not usually avoid ministry because of the threat of persecution.

This hindrance may have been more subtle, Paul’s efforts to travel back to the city were slowed by what might have seemed coincidental problems (travel plans fell through, etc.) The important thing to see here is that the source of Paul inability to return is Satan.  The church is not suffering because of the civil authorities in Thessalonica, nor are they suffering because of jealousy from the synagogue, they suffer because they are engaged in spiritual warfare.  As he says in Ephesians 6:10, the struggle is not against  flesh and blood, but against the spiritual powers of darkness.

2 thoughts on “1 Thessalonians 2:17-20 – Paul’s Heart for His Children

  1. As someone who is going to college in preparation to be a youth pastor, I think there is a great deal that pastor’s ca learn from Paul’s love of his fellow believers, especially for those who he helped to form into a church. Statistically the average stay for a youth pastor in a church is only a year, and for pastor’s it’s about 3-6 years. I’ve heard, seen and experienced situations where pastors (youth and senior) have come to a church, stayed for a small amount of time, and then for whatever reason (problems with church politics, feeling called somewhere else, financial situations, etc.), have moved on to another place. The thing that bothers me about this is how easy it is for some to do this, and how some almost immediately lose all contact with those at their previous church. Paul is such a great example to us future pastors on how we need to love our flock, and those who we have shared our faith with. Not just our current flock.

  2. Paul was special guy. Throughout Paul’s life and ministry life he went through a lot, and a lot of it although all though it would have taken us, Paul fought through with the help of our Lord. But Paul in this situation couldn’t do anything about what happened to him. Satan stopped him and tore up the road in order to make it very difficult for him to get back to Thessalonica. He still prayed for his people that he spent time with even though he couldn’t be with them. I would really like to read more into Paul’s life in these next couple of weeks.

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