Agrippa II was the great-grandson of Herod the Great and son of Herod Agrippa, show died in Acts 12.   Agrippa II was raised in the court at Rome, and was a favorite of the Emperor Claudius.  His father died when he was 17, too young to take over management of the provinces of Palestine.  Like the others in the Herodian line, he sought to gain favor from Rome. He was given the title King in 53, and was the Jewish responsible authority.  He was the “custodian of the Temple Treasure”, meaning he had the right to appoint the high priest.

Agrippa was known to have been sensitive to Judaism, even to the point of debating points of law with the rabbis (Anitq., 20.179, 194-196).  But he was also very pro-Roman, having been raised in the Imperial court itself.  When the rebellion began, more he and Bernice sought to stop the rebels, knowing that Rome would not tolerate a rebellion in a minor province.  He is, therefore, the highest ranking political authority in Palestine.  It is appropriate that he present himself before the new Roman procurator Festus.  What is more, he provides Festus with the information he needs in order to write a report explaining Paul’s case to Rome.

Bernice is Agrippa’s sister, also the sister of Drusilla, Felix’ wife. Bernice had been married twice and was now a widow living in her brother’s court.  Rumors were that they were having an incestuous affair.  To stop this rumor, she married for a third time, but quickly returned to her brother. Later she will move to Rome and was the mistress of Titus.  Titus might have married her if not for strong anti-Jewish prejudices in Rome.